Lace is a Chinese vocabulary, is a kind of embroidery, also known as "Artex". Is cotton thread, twine, silk or a variety of fabrics as raw materials, after embroidery from the decorative hollow products.
1.A kind of embroidery
A kind of embroidery, also known as "Artex". Is a kind of cotton thread, twine, silk or a variety of fabrics as raw materials, after embroidery or woven from the decorative hollow products. Legend has it passed from Europe to China in the late Qing Dynasty. As early as the 4th to 5th centuries of the ancient Egyptian tombs there was a similar roving lace and carved lace. Medieval European lace production is concentrated in the monastery. 15th century,Italy,Belgium, France have developed lace production. 17th century is the prosperity of the European lace production period, the Italian Venice lace known to the world. 19th century British invented lace looms, mechanism lace come out, leading to the decline of European hand lace. At the end of the 19th century, European lace came to China, the Irish missionary Ding Ma Maolan in Yantai, Shandong to set up real school girls, to teach lace skills. Refers to the use of fine yarn embroidery, knotted from the daily necessities. Varieties have "pick flowers", "carved embroidery", "net deduction" and so on. Color mostly white, yellow, beige, light green and light blue and so on. Suitable for tablecloths, bedspreads, pillowcases, cushions, handkerchiefs and tea mats. The main origin of Shandong, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai.
2. Decorative ribbon fabric
There are various patterns, as a decorative ribbon fabric, used as a variety of clothing, curtains, tablecloths, bedspreads, lampshades, bedding and other trim or trim. Lace is divided into woven, knitted, embroidery, weaving and other four categories. Silk yarn intertwined lace, used in our ethnic minorities more, so also known as national lace. Patterns use auspicious patterns. Woven lace close texture, rich in three-dimensional pattern, rich colors. Knitted lace tissue scarcity, there are obvious holes, the appearance of light, elegant. Embroidery lace color number of unrestricted, can produce complex patterns. Weaving lace made by the lace machine, but also useful hand-woven.
3. China's lace
China's lace started late in the last century, 80 years ago, weaving lace machine is mainly imported from abroad, the early 90s of last century, a company in Jiangsu to absorb the characteristics of foreign machinery, combined with the actual situation in China, independent research and development China's first lace machine, as a pilot unit. Since then the end of the lace machine needs to import the problem.
4. Lace classification
Lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace, lace Full of lace to fine cotton thread as raw material, with plain weave, weaving, weaving, weaving techniques compiled into a variety of fancy, the whole has a carving art effect. Mosaic lace is woven lace as the main body, with inlaid embroidery made of linen. Products are disc pad, small inserts and tablecloths, bedspreads, lace craft umbrella and so on.
5. Lace production
The United States is the earliest lace of lace. Production is a rather complicated process, it is not like the traditional hook or embroidery, and the book in accordance with the pattern effect with silk or yarn knotted, the production need to wire in a small shuttle above. Each shuttle has only a thumb size. A less complex pattern requires dozens or nearly a hundred such small shuttle, and then a large number of patterns will need hundreds of small shuttle. Production of the pattern on the following, according to the pattern using a different series, knot, around the way to produce.
6. Jacquard lace
Jacquard, the French loom artisan, the main reformer of the tattoo machine. At the beginning of the 18th century, the French craftsman Baxiong according to the ancient Chinese Tiaohua knot the principle of hand-crafted jacquard machine to create paper hole jacquard machine, with paper puncture hole control thimble penetration, instead of flowers on the warp organization point. After the Farn hole, Wo Kangsong, who improved, can produce 600-pin large pattern fabric. In 1799, Jacquard comprehensive predecessors of the results of innovation, made a complete set of plate drive mechanism, configure a more perfect foot-type jacquard machine, just one person will be able to operate more than 600-pin large pattern. This jacquard was awarded the bronze medal at the Paris exhibition in 1801. Its institutional features is to use jacquard edge plate, that is, perforated card instead of tape, driven by a certain order of the transmission of the thimble, according to the pattern of coordination action to enhance the warp weaving pattern. After 1860 to switch to steam power instead of foot drive to become automatic jacquard machine. After the widespread spread of the world, and the use of electric motor launched. To commemorate the contribution of Jacquard, this jacquard is called Jacquard Jacquard.
7. Cotton lace
Cotton lace is also known as: cotton lace, woven lace, cotton lace, cotton side.
Cotton lace material mainly to cotton yarn, cotton yarn is not glazing and two kinds of light. Its specifications according to professional standards are the following: 42 yarn 4 shares and 6 shares, 60 yarn 4 shares and 6 shares of white wax towers and so on. The The The models are S424, S426, S604, S606, also can be recorded as 42S / 4,42S / 6,60S / 4,60S / 6, where S said the yarn, the figures under the slash indicates the number of shares; Different molding can be divided into cheese yarn and hank yarn.
"Disc machine" cotton lace of the main production machinery; the main specifications are 64, 96 and 128 of the three models. The working principle of the disc machine is nail-type weaving, it is the main raw material of cotton yarn, the disc machine is also commonly used in the material cotton, linen, wool, silk and other natural yarn and chemical fiber line, chemical fiber silk, gold and silver silk Line, cored wire, green onions, silver onions, ribbon rope. The Cotton lace with high-quality cotton yarn refined, high color fastness, fine workmanship, soft to the touch, fashionable and diverse widely applicable to bra, underwear, pajamas, fashion, bedding, socks, umbrellas, toys, handicrafts.